Improving Health in Hillingdon
Hillingdon is the second largest of London’s 32 boroughs covering an area of 42 square miles. Hillingdon’s population for 2011 was estimated at 273,900 (13th largest in London), an increase of 2.93 per cent over midyear estimates for 2010. Hillingdon has significantly higher population of young people (aged 5-19) compared with England and London. The population of older age groups (50+) is also larger than London but smaller than England. Both groups are expected to increase ahead of average population growth rates.
Hillingdon is a relatively affluent borough, but with large differences existing between the north and south. The north of the borough is semi-rural, with large sections protected by green-belt regulation. The south of the borough is more urban and densely populated. It also has areas falling in the 20 per cent most deprived quartile nationally, and a significant number of areas have children living in poverty.
Hillingdon is an ethnically diverse borough with around 32 per cent of the population from black and minority ethnic communities, which is lower than London’s 35 per cent. The largest ethnic community is Asian, with Indian community forming 13 per cent of the total population followed by Black at 3.7 per cent.
Hillingdon has 48 GP practices, 42 dental practices with 150 GDPs, 62 Pharmacies and 47 ophthalmic practices in the borough.
The borough’s key health trends are:
- Although population growth as a whole is low (around 0.6 per cent a year) the majority of growth will be in the elderly population, implying a greater need for health and social care services
- The number of older people with dementia is expected to increase by seven per cent over five years to 2015
- A higher burden of households (3.8 per cent) will need support for physical disabilities, frail elderly etc. and 29 per cent of households with frail elderly members living in housing unsuitable for their needs
- Childhood obesity is rising, with 20 per cent of year 6 students classified as obese, and likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases in time
- Significantly higher numbers of alcohol related hospital admissions compared to England (19 per cent higher for men, nine per cent for women)